On Wednesday, a C-17 aircraft from the US Air Force touched down in Bengaluru and delivered the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) NISAR to the Indian space agency, marking a significant development in the cooperation between the two countries in the field of space exploration.
The US-India civil space collaboration
“Bengaluru is your destination! The complete integration of the Earth observation satellite, a genuine icon of the US-India civil space collaboration, is made possible by the arrival of NISAR (@NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar) on a @USAirforce C-17 from @NASAJPL in California “Chennai’s general consulate of the US tweeted.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Indian Space Research Organization are working together to create the Earth observation satellite NISAR (ISRO).
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NASA and ISRO
NISAR was envisioned by NASA and ISRO eight years ago in 2014 as a potent demonstration of the capabilities of radar as a science tool to assist us in investigating Earth’s dynamic land and ice surfaces in greater detail than ever before.
A minimum of three years will pass before the satellite stops working. It is an observatory in low earth orbit (LEO). In 12 days, NISAR will map the entire planet.
Using two different radar frequencies (L-band and S-band), NISAR will be the first radar of its kind in orbit to methodically scan Earth. It will measure changes in our planet’s surface that are less than a centimeter across.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
We will learn more about the processes affecting the Earth’s system and climate change thanks to the quantity of data and information that NISAR will provide regarding changes to the Earth’s surface, natural disasters, and ecosystem disturbances.
By enabling quicker response times and more accurate risk assessments, the mission will provide crucial information to manage natural disasters like earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions.
With the provision of data on crop growth, soil moisture, and land-use changes, NISAR data will be used to enhance agriculture management and food security.
Information from the mission will be used for infrastructure management and monitoring, including keeping an eye on deforestation, urbanization, and oil spills.
The effects of climate change on the terrestrial surface of the planet, such as melting glaciers, rising sea levels, and modifications in carbon storage, will be observed and understood with the aid of NISAR.
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